Are There Any Age Restrictions For Citizenship By Investment?

Are there any age restrictions for citizenship by investment

Investing in an application for citizenship is the key to unlocking the freedom to transform one’s life. A passport by investment comes with many benefits, including new business opportunities, improved quality of life, and visa-free access to the world stage. However, citizenship by investment countries often demand more than a qualifying investment before granting citizenship.

Understanding the nuances surrounding age limitations is crucial for individuals looking to secure a second citizenship or residency through investment. In this article, we delve into the intricacies of age-related considerations in citizenship by investment (CBI) programs, exploring the impact on applicants, their families, and the overall application process.

Navigating Age Restrictions in Citizenship by Investment Programs

The age criteria for applicants can vary among citizenship by investment countries. Generally, CBI countries do not have strict age limitations for the primary applicant (except being over the age of 18 years of age), allowing individuals of all ages to participate. However, there are still specific considerations related to dependent family members. 

Here are some key points to consider regarding age restrictions in citizenship by investment programs:

  • Primary Applicants: Many countries do not impose strict age restrictions on the primary applicant (other than being over the age of 18). This flexibility is designed to attract a diverse range of investors, including both young entrepreneurs and those in their later years.
  • Dependent Children: CBI programs commonly allow dependent children to be included in the application. The definition of “dependent” tends to vary, but it often includes unmarried children under a certain age. For some, but not all citizenship by investment programs, dependent children need to be enrolled in school.  
  • Spouses: Spouses are typically eligible to be included in the application without specific age restrictions. This is part of the family-oriented approach adopted by many CBI programs. In some cases, even future spouses can be eligible. For instance, Antigua and Barbuda provides a pathway to citizenship for future spouses.
  • Dependent Adult Children: While some programs have age limits or specific criteria for dependent adult children, others are more lenient. It’s important to review different options alongside a qualified immigration law expert to understand what foreign investments are the most beneficial for your particular situation.
  • Residency Programs: In cases where a country offers residency by investment instead of immediate citizenship, age restrictions are more lenient, allowing a broader range of individuals to successfully fulfill the investment requirements and gain permanent residence.

Citizenship by Investment vs Residency By Investment – what is the difference?

Including Underage Children and Other Family Members in Citizenship by Investment Programs

The inclusion of family applications into citizenship through investment programs allows foreign investors to provide dual citizenship to key family members, such as spouses and dependent children. Some programs also allow parents and grandparents to obtain citizenship by investment. In this way, a citizenship by investment scheme allows people of all ages to potentially become citizens of a nation and receive all the benefits that come with citizenship, including a second passport.

Let’s explore how different application procedures approach dual citizenship for dependent family members:

St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and Nevis proudly embrace a family-centric ethos in their Citizenship by Investment program . Investors can include their family, including children below the age of 25 who are enrolled in school. This fast approach fosters a seamless transition for families seeking second citizenship in this beautiful island nation.

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda extend a warm welcome to families through their CBI program . Principal applicants can include their children in the application, ensuring a unified approach to acquiring citizenship. This inclusivity makes Antigua and Barbuda an attractive choice for those prioritizing family ties.


Grenada’s CBI program stands out for its family-friendly policies. Investors can include dependent children within their application, promoting a harmonious journey towards obtaining Grenadian citizenship. This Caribbean gem emphasizes the importance of family bonds in its citizenship journey.


Dominica’s Economic Citizenship program underscores the significance of family values. Applicants for citizenship can include their dependent children in the application process, reflecting the nation’s commitment to family-oriented immigration. This inclusiveness enhances the appeal of Dominica’s CBI program.

Saint Lucia

St. Lucia’s Citizenship by Investment program places a strong emphasis on family unity. This citizenship by investment process allows principal applicants the option to include their family members, fostering a sense of harmony as families embark on the journey to secure a second citizenship in this Caribbean paradise.


Malta’s Individual Investor Program recognizes the importance of family ties. Investors can include their family, including children, within their application, aligning with Malta’s commitment to family-inclusive citizenship. This provides a gateway to a European passport for both an applicant’s family and future generations.


Turkey’s CBI program offers a family-oriented approach to residency. While the emphasis is on the principal applicant, the program allows for the inclusion of family members. This opens up opportunities for families seeking to establish a second home in Turkey.


Vanuatu’s Development Support Program acknowledges the significance of family bonds. Qualified investors can include their spouses and dependent children in the citizenship application, showcasing Vanuatu’s commitment to fostering strong family connections through investment.


Montenegro’s CBI program is designed to accommodate families. By fulfilling the investment requirements, prospective citizens can include their dependent children in the application process, emphasizing Montenegro’s commitment to providing a family-focused investment path to second citizenship in this European nation.

Can I invest in multiple countries’ citizenship by investment programs?

The Path to Second Citizenship

Whether driven by a desire for enhanced visa-free travel privileges, tax optimization, or diversification of lifestyle, the journey toward acquiring second citizenship involves careful consideration and strategic planning.

Understanding Minimum Investments

The first step in the process is identifying the minimum investment required by the chosen CBI program. This investment can take various forms, such as a financial contribution to a national development fund, an investment in government-approved real estate property, or direct investments in local businesses. Let’s take a deeper look at the most popular citizenship investment options:

National Development Funds

A National Development Fund is a government-managed fund designed to finance projects that contribute to the overall development of the nation. These projects often encompass infrastructure development, healthcare improvements, educational initiatives, and other key sectors that elevate the standard of living for citizens.

Investing in Real Estate Property

For those inclined towards the tangible allure of property ownership, many CBI programs offer a real estate route. This involves investing in a government-approved real estate project. Applicants have a wide variety of options, ranging from luxurious resorts to residential development projects.

Opting for the real estate route not only provides a direct avenue to citizenship but also offers tangible benefits in the form of property ownership. Once the processing period is complete, the acquired real estate can serve as a secondary residence or an investment asset. This dual advantage makes the real estate route a popular choice for those seeking a second home in a desirable location.

Direct Investments for Economic Engagement

Some CBI programs encourage direct investment in the country’s economy. This often involves investing in specific sectors such as agriculture, technology, or infrastructure specific to the requirements of the citizenship by investment program. Direct investments allow applicants to actively contribute to the economic growth of the host country while securing their pathway to citizenship.

The Application Process

Understanding the intricacies of the application process is paramount. From completing detailed forms to choosing between real estate investments and other investment options, applicants must navigate a thorough procedure. Additionally, knowledge of government fees, processing times, and additional costs is crucial for informed decision-making.

Diligence Checks and Documentation

Irrespective of age, all applicants, including the primary investor, are subject to thorough diligence checks. Governments and relevant agencies scrutinize the source of funds, criminal history, and overall eligibility. This ensures the credibility of those seeking citizenship by investment.

Fiscal Landscapes

Understanding the tax implications of obtaining a second citizenship is crucial. Many CBI programs attract individuals seeking favorable tax regimes. Becoming a tax resident in a country with advantageous tax policies can provide financial benefits and contribute to overall wealth optimization.

Acquiring Citizenship Status

Upon fulfilling the requirements and completing the necessary investments, successful applicants attain the coveted citizenship status. This status opens doors to an array of benefits, including visa-free travel, access to quality healthcare and education, and the ability to enjoy the privileges of a full-fledged citizen.

Apply for Citizenship By Investment

With diverse programs catering to a wide range of individuals, including families and retirees, securing a second citizenship or residency has never been more accessible. At JH Marlin Law , we specialize in guiding individuals on a transformative journey toward securing a second passport through renowned passport by investment programs

With an impressive nearly 100% success rate, our firm has assisted clients from over 45 countries in establishing comprehensive Plan B action plans. As individuals navigate the complexities of international investment, our firm remains dedicated to securing the very best results for our clients, ensuring peace of mind in their pursuit of a secure and diversified future. 

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Frequently Asked Questions

The financial contribution is a crucial element of most citizenship by investment programs. This contribution not only serves as a commitment to the host country’s development but is also a key requirement for obtaining citizenship and enjoying the associated benefits.

Acquiring second citizenship through reputable citizenship by investment programs often grants individuals enhanced visa-free access to a multitude of countries. This added global mobility is one of the significant advantages of securing a second passport, providing freedom of travel for business, leisure, or personal reasons.

Residency requirements vary among different citizenship by investment programs. Some programs require physical presence for a specific period, while others offer a more flexible approach. Our experienced advisors can guide you through the specific residency requirements associated with the program of your choice.

Language requirements tend to vary. While some programs have language proficiency criteria, many do not impose strict language barriers. Our team ensures that clients are well-informed about language requirements associated with their chosen program and assists in navigating any linguistic considerations.

Yes, in most cases, acquiring a second citizenship through investment does not necessitate relinquishing your original citizenship. Dual citizenship is often permissible, allowing individuals to enjoy the benefits and privileges of both nationalities.